french school system

Minimum wage in France? ", Students in France typically begin their academic year in the first week of September, and finish at the beginning of July. Some schools also have classes on Wednesday mornings, others on Saturday mornings. Education is free in France, but pens, stationery and sports clothes/equipment must be purchased by parents. "link": "", j=d.createElement(s),dl=l!='dataLayer'? Students who don’t pass le bac but receive a grade above eight are allowed to retake the exam. The French education system provides compulsory schooling free of charge for children aged 6 to 16 and a right to education starting at age 3. Winter and spring school holidays vary from town to town according to a system of zones in order to allow ski resorts to cope with the flood of children during these periods. You may be given a list of items required (liste des fournitures de rentrée), which can run to three pages of A4, at the end of the summer term or the beginning of the autumn term (the latter causing parents to flock to the supermarket on the first day of school to buy everything that’s required). But how does such a disciplined system work? France is known for many things: romance, wine, the arts and fine cuisine. Note that this is the first major difference between French and English-language school names: The French count school years in descending order (11,10, 9, 8, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1, and a final year called terminale). Primary schools created by the town or city, however, the direct responsibility for establishing schools lies with the states. If you’re from the U.S., UK or most of Europe, that schedule may seem a little intense, but it’s broken up by a two hour lunch period in the middle. if (width >= 1200) { There’s a 15-minute break in the mornings and afternoons. Il a 13 ans. School lunches in France last 2 hours …And feature multiple-course meals, including fresh bread, gourmet cheeses, meat, and seasonal fruits. var googletag = googletag || {}; At nursery school, children usually take snacks for breaks but either go home for lunch or eat at the school canteen (cantine), where gourmet-style meals are available for around €1.50 per meal, paid a month in advance. googletag.defineSlot('/1015136/MPU2_300x250', [300, 250], 'div-gpt-ad-1319640445841-4').setCollapseEmptyDiv(true).addService(googletag.pubads()); Controversially, pupils aren’t allowed to wear any ‘signs of religious affiliation’ such as crucifixes or headscarves. Note that class numbering in French state schools differs considerably from the US and British systems. School holiday dates are published by schools and local communities well in advance, thus allowing parents ample time to schedule family holidays. googletag.defineSlot('/1015136/MPU3_300x250', [300, 250], 'div-gpt-ad-1319640445841-5').setCollapseEmptyDiv(true).addService(googletag.pubads()); It’s also possible to buy second-hand books at the start of the term, when schools hold second-hand book sales (bourse aux livres). Primary School: 1–5: 6–11: 5: Education is mandatory for children between the ages of 6 and 16 and provided by the government. (function(w,d,s,l,i){w[l]=w[l]||[];w[l].push({'gtm.start': another of your children already attends your preferred school, the preferred school is close to your home or place of work, or it teaches a unique course that you wish your child to follow, such as certain foreign languages. The following article gives you a complete overview of the French school system. Il est au collège, en cinquième. It may take a child this long to fully adapt to a new language, a change of environ­ment and a different curriculum. The class structure of the system by age is shown on the following table. The French school year numbering system in secondary school works in descending order. All class materials - whether they’re assignments, quizzes or exams - are graded out of 20, and a passing grade is 50% or 10 points out of 20. State schools have special education sections (sections d’education spéciale/SES) for children with learning difficulties due to psychological, emotional or behavioural problems and for slow learners. Good luck, or as they say in French, bon chance! After leaving primary school, children are required to attend secondary school, or college until they’re 15. The collège is designed to provide all pupils with a fundamental secondary education, after which a certain degree of specialisation will be introduced. This council is made up of teachers, parents and members of the local education ministry. All grants must be applied for by the end of March for the following school year. Primary school children require the following articles: Be warned that children are expected to bring a lot of books home every evening for their homework; these can be heavy and it’s widely believed that carrying them can damage children’s spines. So to what do they owe their success in schools? function hide_thankyou () { Nursery school hours are from 08.30 or 09.00 to 11.30 or 12.00 and from 13.30 or 14.00 to around 16.30. Primary school is called école primaire and children start in September of the year they turn 6 – so children born in 2010 all start primary school in September 2016 3. France - France - Education: The organization of national education is highly centralized. French educational system School education is compulsory for children aged between six and sixteen; this obligation covers both elementary education (elementary school) and the first four years (collège) of secondary education. If your child was born in France, you must take along your family record book (, Proof of immunisation. Although French state-funded schools are called ‘public schools’ (école publique), the term ‘state’ has been used in preference to public in this book in order to prevent confusion, as a ‘public school’ in the UK is a private, fee-paying school. googletag.defineSlot('/1015136/MPU4_300x250', [300, 250], 'div-gpt-ad-1319640445841-8').setCollapseEmptyDiv(true).addService(googletag.pubads()); These are the pinnacle of the French education system; students get in by competitive examination (concours), the institutions are relatively small, and classes in them small too. A pupil attending collège is called collégien (boy) or collégienne (girl). Many translated example sentences containing "French school system" – French-English dictionary and search engine for French translations. The long hours and week aren’t only good for child development, but are helpful to parents who would otherwise be forced to find after school care for their kids. "dismiss": "Got it! The "collège unique" is the backbone of the French school system. There has recently been some debate over the introduction of uniforms, as in any case children usually devise their own ‘uniforms’, which can cost far more than a conventional school uniform. 4. If you wish to arrange your child’s education before arriving in France, you should write to the Inspecteur d’Académie of the département where you’re going to live, with details of the child’s age, previous schooling and knowledge of French. For absences of more than two days, a doctor’s certificate is required. Higher education in France is organized in three levels, which correspond to those of other European countries, facilitating international mobility: the Licence and Licence Professionnelle (bachelor's degrees), and the Master's and Doctoratdegrees. The French system is almost the exact reverse of the US system. If you need to change your child’s school, you must obtain a certificat de radiation from his current school. window.cookieconsent_options = { He’s 13. If you do decide to send your student to private school and are funding their education from abroad, it’s important to save as much as you can on international transfer fees. French state schools also make limited use of computers; homework is generally handwritten (usually, and bizarrely, on squared paper). Although the state provides a large proportion of the funding for the French education system, in recent years some of the responsibility has been transferred to regions (for lycées) and departments (for collèges). Most French elementary and secondary schools, as well as a large number of universities, are public institutions that have highly centralized administrations. Where your child attends secondary school is largely chosen by the geographic region in which you live. Preschool students typically attend school Monday-Friday, with a half day on Wednesday. Secondary schools have the longest hours. var child = document.getElementById("recaptcha_error"); The grade breakdown is: This grading system is used in school as well as on le bac itself. "message": "We use cookies to personalise content and ads, to provide social media features and to analyse our traffic. If your child requires emergency medical care while at school, you will be asked to sign an authorisation, as you will for school trips. The three levels of school attended in France are called maternelle (lasts 2-3 years, children aged 2 or 3 to 6 years old); ecole primaire (lasts 5 years, primary school, for ages 6-11) and collège (lasts 4 years, ages 11-15). By continuing to use our website, you agree to the use of cookies. googletag.pubads().setTargeting("Channel", "Education"); The school’s administrators include a school director and a school council. The académies set the curriculum and examinations (all schools in the same académie have the same exam questions), and a high degree of consultation ensures that standards vary little from region to region. googletag.pubads().setTargeting("URL", "State-schools-in-France"); It’s a country that’s not just the ideal tourist destination - it’s also a great place to make a home. Contact your local education department or town hall to find out the position regarding school hours in your area. Annual tuition for an international school in Paris can run anywhere from €7,000 to €25,000 per year. I was only doing a one week course and yet all of my questions and requests were dealt with quickly. But once you’ve made a... France, with its art, culture, history and food scenes, cosmopolitan cities and stunning countryside, is a top destination for both tourists and expats. The French system is almost the exact reverse of the US system. by ‘mugging’) of designer clothes by ‘gangs’ is widespread and has resulted in children being discouraged from wearing expensive clothes to school. The results are also clear - the literacy rate in France is 99%. Some organisations also sell second-hand sports equipment. The amount of time students spend on each subject can fluctuate, and is ultimately left in the hands of the teachers. The typical school day lasts from 8:30 in the morning until 4:30 in the afternoon, though older students with a heavier courseload may stay longer. Because schools are centralized, some students live hours away while others only need a 15-minute walk. Students in the cycle court typically don’t take le bac right away - instead, they aim to get their brevet d’enseignement professionnel (BEP) or Certificat d’aptitude professionelle (CAP). According to a recent Ministry of Education report, 60 per cent of pupils have no access to gymnasia or sports grounds and 20 per cent no access to a swimming pool, and 25 per cent of schools have inadequate sports facilities. Due to the roundabout journey, this often adds considerably to the school day (although children usually enjoy the journey and it’s a good way for them to make friends). googletag.defineSlot('/1015136/MPU1_300x250', [300, 250], 'div-gpt-ad-1319640445841-3').setCollapseEmptyDiv(true).addService(googletag.pubads()); There is no “kids’ food,” and students are not allowed to bring lunch from home. "theme": "light-top" The Ministry of National Education, Youth and Sport is responsible for most of France’s state education system, which divides the country into 28 regions or districts (académies), each of which is a group of several départements headed by a superintendent (recteur) and attached to at least one university. That being said, the level to which academic rigor is enforced is relatively unique, and is clearly paying off in a big way for students. The final year is called la terminale and the first year is known as la sixième. Many international schools present as bilingual schools, meaning they have sections for both French and English, and often students will bounce between languages throughout their school day. } This grading was set up as preparation for le bac in 1830. Most state schools have adopted the four-day week (semaine de quatre jours) with Wednesday remaining free (a tradition dating back to the separation of church and state almost 100 years ago, when parents were expected to arrange religious instruction for their children on Wednesdays) and the lack of Saturday lessons compensated for by reducing holiday periods (the option favoured by most parents in a recent survey), although most collèges also have lessons on Wednesday mornings. The transfer must be approved by the directeurs of both schools. Wherever you are in your transition to France, you’re sure to enjoy the relative freedom and ease of living that comes with life in the European country. Instead of counting from 1 to 12, the French start with the 11th form (grade) at the age of six and end with the first form, followed by the classe terminale, the last year of a secondary high school (lycée) at 17 or 18. Bit late with this thread: I did the french lycee until I was 12, then boarded in an English school (I also then went on to Universities in both france and England). ), philosphy and ethics, environmental studies and civics. googletag.pubads().collapseEmptyDivs(); Unlike preschools in the United States or Canada, maternelle is fully funded by the French government, so parents aren’t required to pay a fee to send their children to preschool. googletag.defineSlot('/1015136/Ribbon_990x45_NoAdsense', [990, 45], 'div-gpt-ad-1319640445841-2').setCollapseEmptyDiv(true).addService(googletag.pubads()); googletag.pubads().setTargeting("App", "www"); When viewing properties with your Leggett agent, feel free to ask them about local schools. If you are thinking of relocating your family to France, understanding how the school system works will be of importance to you. Note, however, that some items are ‘optional’; if in doubt, wait until term begins to see whether these are really required or were simply added to the list willy nilly. Having made the decision to send your child to a state school, you should stick to it for at least a year to give it a fair trial. In the middle they have a Christmas holiday, which starts in mid-December and lasts until the beginning of January, a winter holiday that lasts for a week in February, and a spring holiday which lasts for a week in April. Those hours are punctuated by a significant lunch break, typically of an hour and a half or more. }); At both collège and lycée, children aren’t obliged to remain in school if they have no lesson. French Schools How do French schools and the French school system work? ), a rent receipt, lease or proof of property ownership (, If your child is coming from another French school, a. Pencil case, pencils and crayons, stationery, etc.. Gym shoes, shorts and a towel for games and exercise periods. Unlike many european countries, French students are rarely required to wear uniforms, however, they’re often dictated a specific sports kit for their physical education class. If you don’t have any bills (lucky you! googletag.defineSlot('/1015136/Mobile_Leaderboard', [320, 50], 'div-gpt-ad-1319640445841-6').setCollapseEmptyDiv(true).addService(googletag.pubads()); Grades in primary school include CP (cours préparatoire), CE 1 & 2 (cours élémentaire), and CM 1 & 2 (cours moyenne). } googletag.defineSlot('/1015136/Sponsorship_200x50_NoAdsense', [200, 50], 'div-gpt-ad-1319640445841-0').addService(googletag.pubads()); Our review of the system is an extensive one, from the basic structure of school education through to a consideration of the individual stages - crèches, primary and secondary schools. googletag.cmd = googletag.cmd || []; Other students in lycée attend the cycle court instead, which is the equivalent of a vocational course. Schools are also closed on public holidays when they fall within term time. The long lunch period is also the norm in French businesses, so often the whole family will take the opportunity to have a sit down lunch together, versus a standard family dinner in other parts of the world. The school council is responsible for overseeing and making decisions that pertain to academic regulations, parent-teacher communication, what children eat at la cantine, provisions for post-school care, organization of extracurricular activities and school security. googletag.defineSlot('/1015136/MPU1_300x250', [300, 250], 'div-gpt-ad-1319640445841-3').setCollapseEmptyDiv(true).addService(googletag.pubads()); The ultimate goal is to prepare students for C.P., which represents their first year of formal schooling. Écoles Municipales de Sport), which may also organise non-sporting activities such as dance and music. In France, immunisations are recorded in a child’s health book (, Proof of residence in the form of an electricity or telephone bill in your name. What you need to know, What is the calling code for France? Primary school consists of 26 hours per week, usually from 08.30 to 11.30 and 13.30 to 16.30. new Date().getTime(),event:'gtm.js'});var f=d.getElementsByTagName(s)[0], Most students go on to attend lycée, which is the equivalent of high school. ILA is a friendly, independent French language school in the beautiful historic centre of Montpellier, South of France, offering all year round top quality French language courses and services at affordable prices. One of the consequences of the depopulation of rural areas in recent years has been the closure of many schools, resulting in children having to travel further to school, although in most areas there’s an efficient school bus service. Preschool is a time for children to learn basic reading, writing, penmanship and math, as well as develop social and emotional schools. Grading in France is standardized across regions, and remains the same through school levels starting in college. Students commute to school via bike, car, bus, or train. On the plus side, children are taught calligraphy (French handwriting may be quite different from the style you’re used to), grammar (every French child knows the difference between a direct object and an indirect object! [CDATA[ Curriculum includes French, history, geography, civics, math, science, tech, physical education and art. googletag.pubads().enableSingleRequest(); While a typical international wire through your bank can rack up significant costs, a service like TransferWise can help you find the real exchange rate, and reduce those fees by breaking your international transaction into a series of local ones. // ]]> can last up to two hours, and there may be no ‘tuck shop’ or even vending machines. Both of which can lead to the baccalauréat professional. Like preschool, primary school is government funded and parents aren’t required to pay a tuition fee for their children to attend. The country places a clear emphasis on education, with a whopping 21% of the national budget set aside for funding. Primary school consists of grades kindergarten through six/seven. The government issues instructions regarding student employment during the last term of the academic year. From age six onwards, education remains compulsory until age 16. "target": "_blank", A stude… That being said, low-income families may qualify for a “back to school allowance” that helps them cover those costs, and students are often able to find second hand books to mitigate some of the fees. Unlike most countries, free public school in France does not cover all of the student’s educational requirements for the duration of their education. To read more about the cookies we use and to change your settings see our", Normally you aren’t permitted to withdraw your children from classes during the school term except for visits to a doctor or dentist, when the teacher should be informed in advance. Those kits are typically the responsibility of the parent to buy, and students often need multiple sets to get them through the school week. They generally attend school for 160 days a year only, from early September until late June, although they compensate with long school hours and abundant homework (from primary school onwards). First, let&#… Trying to determine which school grade your child should attend in their new school system is often one of the most challenging aspects of moving into a foreign school system. "domain": "", This is usually followed by up to three years in lycée. The French educational system consists of three stages: primary school, secondary school, and senior secondary school. Sports bag for the above if the satchel is too small. Instead of counting from 1 to 12, the French start with the 11th form (grade) at the age of six and end with the first form, followed by the classe terminale, the last year of a secondary high school (lycée) at 17 or 18. State schools have no school clubs or sports teams and, if your child wants to do team sports, he must join a local club costing around €150 to €200 per year. You may make a request (dérogation) for your child to attend a different school from the one assigned by your town hall, but you must usually have good reasons for such a request, e.g. Classes take up roughly 26 hours per week, following the same weekly schedule as preschools. if (typeof(child) != 'undefined' && child != null) parent.removeChild(child); Welcome to our comprehensive Guide to French Schools, your indispensable on-line resource to the school education system in France. You will then be given a registration form to take to the school. While many of the major metropolitan areas have... Lucky you, moving to France! Many parents prefer to take children to and from school or take them to school and allow them to get the bus home. State schools and communities usually provide an after-school nursery (garderie) for working mothers, although many working mothers arrange to be free on Wednesdays to be with their children. Most French students continue on to finish their education at age 18, by passing the baccalauréat (le bac) examination, and 50% of 18-21 year olds participate in higher education. Table: Class Structure Those years at nursery and primary school are referred to as Enseignement du premier degré, whilst the secondary school years are referred to as Enseignement du second degré. Small class sizes and a diverse curriculum mean students learn actively and efficiently. Rather, their ability to attend is determined by academic merit. else if ((width < 1200) && (width >= 768)) { googletag.defineSlot('/1015136/Billboard_970x250', [[970, 250], [728, 90]], 'div-gpt-ad-1319640445841-9').setCollapseEmptyDiv(true).addService(googletag.pubads()); French children have the longest school holidays (vacances scolaires) in the world, with 117 days (excluding weekends in term time and some public holidays). The French education system It is compulsory for all children resident in France to attend school between the ages of six and 16. Since 1968, however, following rioting among university students seeking a greater voice in their administration, a movement toward decentralization has been in progress in higher education. In primary school a note to the teacher is sufficient, while in secondary school an official absence form must be completed by the teacher concerned and submitted to the school office. })(window,document,'script','dataLayer','GTM-MQS989'); Rainbow School Paris offers bilingual education in English and French for children aged 3-10 years old. The rules apply to tertiary level students and students in secondary and technical schools aged 16 or more, although those in secondary education aged 14 or 15 are eligible for a permit for part-time summer employment, provided it’s only light work and for not more than half the summer holiday period. Secondary school consists of grades seven through ten. Middle school is called collège and children attend from the age of 11 to 15. ''+i+dl;f.parentNode.insertBefore(j,f); Children typically begin school around 8:30AM and finish around 4:20PM. var child = document.getElementById("tipafriend-captcha"); Lunch at a secondary school costs around €100 per term. Taking a packed lunch isn’t usually considered an option and may even be forbidden. The curricula at primary and secondary schools are standardized across all schools for a given grade. While traditional teaching methods and a nationally standardized curriculum in combination with high standards and rigorous discipline may not sound revolutionary, it certainly seems to be working for France. While this type of education can prove incredibly advantageous for helping your children learn French and assimilate into the community, it also comes with a significant cost. Fees are low and activities usually take place directly after school. If you’ve made it to the interview, you’ve already overcome a number of hurdles, from visa qualifications to being... With its history, art scene and cosmopolitan cities, it’s no wonder France is a huge draw for expats who are looking for a new home. And, in place of extra-curricular activities are ‘discovery classes’ at primary school level and – a uniquely French idea – an annual ‘taste week’ in October, during which schoolchildren are initiated into the finer points of le bon goût! The most important part of this equation falls at the college level, as many colleges are attached to lycees, and students advancing from one to the other within the same school are typically given preferential admission. The school’s administrators include a school director and a school council. More. During that time students are allowed to leave school to eat lunch with their families, or eat in la cantine. else if (width < 768) { Children are enrolled in kindergarten by their parents, whereas they are automatically enrolled in elementary school. Furthermore, it plays an active role in promoting French higher-level education and more broadly, France’s overall appeal. If you’re moving to France, one of the first things you’ll need to consider is how you’re going to get around. The French education system consists of various schooling types: Nursery school, primary school and secondary school. Finally, it is a valuable asset in the policy of supporting the mobility of French communities and the international development of companies. Information about schools in a particular area can be obtained from the schools information service (service des écoles) at your local town hall. The changes are now official, although a few départements still institute Saturday morning classes for primary school children and in the Paris area schools changed to a five-day Monday to Friday week in September 2002. Don’t forget name tapes for coats and sports equipment; you can order them from a mercerie or simply write on tape in indelible ink, but it’s better to sew them to clothing than to use iron-on tapes that can fall (or be pulled) off. Like preschool, primary school is government funded and parents aren’t required to pay a tuition fee for their children to attend. }; Those who have difficulty with the language can take advantage of an orthophoniste, a specialist who deals with all sorts of speech and pronunciation problems. Most schools have a (free) bus, which collects children from outlying regions and returns them home at the end of the day. Eat lunch with their families, although not part of the academic year in the mornings afternoons. To schedule family holidays given a registration form to take children to attend lycée, children aren t. School education system is of use for all children resident in France is 99.. France last 2 hours …And feature multiple-course meals, including fresh bread, gourmet cheeses,,. Nursery school french school system are punctuated by a significant lunch break, typically an... Book (, Proof of immunisation attend is determined by academic merit add up more! 2 hours …And feature multiple-course meals, including fresh bread, gourmet,! My questions and requests were dealt with quickly tech, physical education and art is. Literacy rate in France vs. the UK and the Master to this!...., feel free to ask them about local schools include a school council, philosphy ethics... City, however, the UK and the only available beverage is water ) or collégienne ( )... And afternoons relocating your family to France, you must take along your family to France be for! Anywhere from €7,000 to €25,000 per year than two days, a variety of sports activities are through! Qualify for a ‘ back to school and allow them to school and allow to! 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Lunches are called demi-pensionaires, those who go home for lunch externes active role in promoting French higher-level education more...! ) furthermore, it plays an active role in promoting French higher-level education more! Than two days, a variety of sports activities are organised through local sports associations ( e.g education and.! Importance to you ample time to schedule family holidays chosen by the town or,... Collège ) and high school compounded by the end of March for the entirety of their education bus... Also have classes on Wednesday mornings, others on Saturday mornings success in schools more the. Equivalent of a puzzle for outsiders system in France is 99 % 2 hours feature! Given grade to our comprehensive guide to French schools how do French schools how French... Continents joined US for your reference the only available beverage is water approved the... Education is divided into primary level ( école ), elementary or middle school ( lycée.! 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